Argumentative essay is a specific type of composition with its specific requirements. In order to understand the essence of this work, it is necessary to look through its goals. The main purposes are:

1) Convince the audience in a certain point of view. In this case, special attention is paid to counter-argumentation of the opposite position;

2) Form a system of arguments that justify the preference for the position chosen by the author.

During the writing of the essay, the author conducts a kind of dialogue with the prospective reader (evaluates assumptions, selects statements and evidence, reveals hidden arguments and contradictions) during which he justifies why one view is preferable than the other (others). The author can proceed from the fact that the reader may initially disagree with his position.

An argumentative essay introduction formulates the topic, substantiates its relevance, reveals the divergence of opinions, justifies the structure of the consideration of the topic and contains a transition to the basic judgment.

How to Start an Argumentative Essay Out with a Quote

In the case of an argumentative essay, it would not be reasonable to start your introduction as well as any other paragraph with a quote. It would be better to use the following scheme of introduction writing:

Hook sentence→ Topic sentence →Quotation →Thesis Statement.

Topics for an Argumentative Essay

An argumentative essay implies a lot of topics each of them should be controversial. For example, these topics can be:

  • philosophical (affecting the most common features of the development of nature, society, thinking);
  • social (relating to the structure and life of society);
  • political (related to the activities of state power, parties or social groups);
  • ecological (reflecting the interaction of man and the environment);
  • moral (related to the inner spiritual qualities that guide people, with certain rules of conduct).

There are some specific ideas about the topic of research workshop writing an essay:

  • An open society must have open borders;
  • Unemployment promotes economic development;
  • Television forms a new type of culture;
  • The UN should expand the protection of cultural human rights;
  • Technical progress leads to the death of civilization;
  • Boys and girls should be educated separately.

How to Write an Argumentative Essay Step by Step

Parts and elements of argumentative essays include an introduction, the main part, and a conclusion.

The main part represents the judgments (arguments) that the author puts forward, define the basic concepts used in making judgments of evidence and support (facts and examples); examines counter arguments or opposing judgments (it is necessary to show why they are weak, and the author’s statement remains in force).

How to End an Argumentative Essay

Conclusion repeats the main judgment, summarizes the arguments in defense of the main proposition (one or two sentences), formulates a general warning about the consequences of non-acceptance of the proposed judgment; gives a general conclusion about the usefulness of this statement.

Examples of an Argumentative Essay

Zoos are Places of a Quiet Crime

Defenders of animals express unequivocal position against zoos. As a compromise, zoos created for scientific purposes or carry out projects for the protection and conservation of species, if they fulfill all the conditions for keeping animals are accepted. Unfortunately, many modern zoos declared as “scientific,” do not really meet these criteria. The sad routine of zoos remains basically unchanged.

The physical conditions created for animals are usually terrible. Instead of going several kilometers a day in search of food, playing, hunting and communicating with relatives, animals are forced to stay in their cramped, empty cages. The cells are most often improperly or insufficiently equipped and do not correspond to the needs of animals. For example, in order to feel good, some animals need swimming pools with water and silt, trees to climb, opportunities to hide. But even the minimum conditions in zoos are very rare.

Often, animals are resettled without taking into account their social structure. Animals requiring relatives are kept separately, and on the contrary, singles are forced to tolerate the presence of relatives.  The need of animals to be in peace is almost not paid attention to. It is a constant torture for a wild animal to be constantly in front of visitors, constantly feel their views and intimacy.

Being in full dependence on people, animals can not get to themselves food they need. Many of them should get used to what people can provide them. At best, this is the kind and quantity of food calculated by “scientific” methods and covered by special additives. This does not take into account the individual needs of animals, not to mention the fact that the process of harvesting food and its dressing are necessary components of their lives.

Zoos as such do not justify themselves. Firstly, to study nature and animals, one must really communicate with nature and animals, and not with those dull, and even crazy, creatures that are exhibited at the zoo. Anyone who has read books about animals or has watched them in nature, even if it was just a hedgehog, squirrel or bird, can no longer get rid of the impression that zoos are places of quiet crime, which we sometimes do, visiting them at leisure.

Secondly, zoos require a lot of money. Many zoos are poor and forced to ask for money from the state. They often have no finances to convert cages, and can not provide a normal salary for workers for their hard work, sometimes associated with a risk to life.

Like circuses, zoos are children of their time. They are replaced by safaris, alternative parks, beautifully made films and photographs that depict animals in their natural habitat. And this option is much more humane.